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Chapter 11

Commentary by Tom Brown


1  I ask then: Did God reject his people? By no means! I am an Israelite myself, a descendant of Abraham, from the tribe of Benjamin.

2 God did not reject his people, whom he foreknew. Don't you know what the Scripture says in the passage about Elijah-- how he appealed to God against Israel:

Paul proceeds to explain God's plan for the Jewish people.

appealed to God against Israel. Prayer should always be made "for" people, not "against" people.

3 "Lord, they have killed your prophets and torn down your altars; I am the only one left, and they are trying to kill me"?  
4 And what was God's answer to him? "I have reserved for myself seven thousand who have not bowed the knee to Baal." Many times our prayers are inadequate. We think we know what God should do, but our lack of knowledge reveals are presumption.
5 So too, at the present time there is a remnant chosen by grace. remnant. Jews that are believers in Jesus as the Messiah.
6 And if by grace, then it is no longer by works; if it were, grace would no longer be grace. There can be no possibility of teaching salvation by grace and works. Works nullify the meaning of grace.
7 What then? What Israel sought so earnestly it did not obtain, but the elect did. The others were hardened,  
8 as it is written: "God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes so that they could not see and ears so that they could not hear, to this very day." The very word that should have awakened them blinded them.

You must ask "how" God blinds the eyes. Illustration: If someone says, Pastor Brown killed someone the other day, then you might assume I did something wrong. But when you ask what happened, and how it happened, you may discover someone else was at fault. Remember, the same sun that melts wax hardens clay. In this sense, God hardens hearts because the person's heart is wrong.

The more you talk to people about the Lord they will either get hard or soft. 

9 And David says: "May their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them.  
10 May their eyes be darkened so they cannot see, and their backs be bent forever."  
11 Again I ask: Did they stumble so as to fall beyond recovery? Not at all! Rather, because of their transgression, salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel envious.
12 But if their transgression means riches for the world, and their loss means riches for the Gentiles, how much greater riches will their fullness bring!  
13 I am talking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch as I am the apostle to the Gentiles, I make much of my ministry  
14 in the hope that I may somehow arouse my own people to envy and save some of them.  
15 For if their rejection is the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead?  
16 If the part of the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, then the whole batch is holy; if the root is holy, so are the branches.

if the root is holy. Paul points out that the Jews have the forefathers whom were holy, so God will make them holy.


17 If some of the branches have been broken off, and you, though a wild olive shoot, have been grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing sap from the olive root,  
18 do not boast over those branches. If you do, consider this: You do not support the root, but the root supports you.  
19 You will say then, "Branches were broken off so that I could be grafted in."  
20 Granted. But they were broken off because of unbelief, and you stand by faith. Do not be arrogant, but be afraid.
21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, he will not spare you either.  
22 Consider therefore the kindness and sternness of God: sternness to those who fell, but kindness to you, provided that you continue in his kindness. Otherwise, you also will be cut off. A stern warning that should be taken seriously. (see my article on Can Christians lose their salvation?)


23 And if they do not persist in unbelief, they will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again.  
24 After all, if you were cut out of an olive tree that is wild by nature, and contrary to nature were grafted into a cultivated olive tree, how much more readily will these, the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree!  
25 I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers, so that you may not be conceited: Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in. Part. Meros a section or allotment. Refers to numbers.

Until. Achri of time.


26 And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: "The deliverer will come from Zion; he will turn godlessness away from Jacob. This will take place just before the end, before the worldwide peace of nations take place in the Millennium reign of Christ. See Rev 7:5-8 and 8:1; Rev 10:7

All. Does not necessarily mean "everyone without exception." Full number of gentiles definitely does not mean everyone without exception.

27 And this is my covenant with them when I take away their sins."  
28 As far as the gospel is concerned, they are enemies on your account; but as far as election is concerned, they are loved on account of the patriarchs,
Dispensationalists teach that the promises to Israel belong only to Israel and cannot be claimed by the Church.

Covenant theologians teach that Israel forfeited the promises made to them and so now the promises belong to the Church and not to Israel.

Paulís theology teaches that the promises made to Israel belong to the Church but near the end of time, Israel will come into the promises that they have temporarily forfeited.

29 for God's gifts and his call are irrevocable.
God does not change his mind. If God called you into the ministry then it is a permanent call. No sin could remove the call from your life. Unfortunately, many are called, but few are walking in their call.
30 Just as you who were at one time disobedient to God have now received mercy as a result of their disobedience,  
31 so they too have now become disobedient in order that they too may now receive mercy as a result of God's mercy to you.  
32 For God has bound all men over to disobedience so that he may have mercy on them all. There is equality in Godís mind.
33 Oh, the depth of the riches of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable his judgments, and his paths beyond tracing out!  
34 "Who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has been his counselor?"  
35 "Who has ever given to God, that God should repay him?"  
36 For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be the glory forever! Amen.  

Previous  Chapter 12

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